This is an English lesson. It is not a maths lesson! In this lesson, you will learn English vocabulary for the basic mathematical symbols and operations:

“mathematics” is a noun.

**Meaning**:

The study of numbers, shapes, and space using symbols and rules.**Example**: 2 + 2 = 4

The word “mathematics” is often abbreviated to:

- “math” (American English)
- “maths” (British English)

## Addition

“Addition” is a noun.

**Meaning**:

The process of adding numbers together to calculate the sum.**Example**: Today we are going to practise addition.

To describe the addition above, we say:

Four plus six equals ten.

or

The **sum** of four and six is ten.

### add

“add” is a verb.

**Meaning**: To put two or more numbers together to calculate the sum.**Form**: add number to number**Example**: If you add four to six, you get ten.

## Subtraction

“subtraction” is a noun.

**Meaning**: The process of removing a number from another number.**Example**: Let’s learn subtraction.

To describe the subtraction calculation above, we say:

eight minus three equals five.

### subtract

“subtract” is a verb.

**Meaning**: to remove a number from another number.**Form**: subtract number from number**Example**: If you subtract three from eight, you get five.

### take away

“take away” is a verb also used for subtraction. It is more informal than “subtract”. It is very common.

**Form**: take number away from number**Example**: Take three away from eight. What is the answer?

## multiplication

“multiplication” is a noun.

**Meaning**: The process of multiplying a number.**Example**: I’m not very good at multiplication.

To describe the multiplication above, we say:

Six multiplied by four equals twenty four.

or

Six times four equals twenty four.

“product” is a noun.

**Meaning**: The result of a multiplication calculation.**Example**: The product of six and four is twenty four.

### multiply

“multiply” is the verb for multiplication.

**Form**: multiply number by number**Example**: If you multiply six by four, you get twenty four.

## division

“division” is a noun.

**Example**: Today, we are going to learn division.

To describe the division calculation above, we say:

fifteen divided by three equals five.

### divide

“divide” is a verb.

**Form**: divide number by number**Example**: If you divide fifteen by three, you get five.

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