What is a preposition?
A preposition is a small word before a noun or pronoun.
I am going to London in July.
Prepositions show the relationship between a noun or pronoun with other words in a sentence.
What is a preposition of time?
A preposition of time indicates WHEN something happens.
In this lesson, you will learn how to use the following prepositions of time:
Let’s look at each one in more detail.
in + month
We use the preposition “in” before a month.
List of the 12 months of the year in English:
January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December.
We always go to New York in March.
My birthday is in December.
in + season
We also use the preposition “in” before a season.
The 4 seasons in British English are:
spring, summer, autumn and winter
The 4 seasons in American English are:
spring, summer, fall and winter
Very important – The first letter of a season is in lower case. It’s a small letter. It is NOT a capital letter.
Jane often goes skiing in the winter.
I love going to Paris in the spring.
in + year
We also use the preposition “in” before a year.
They got married in 2015.
Mark was born in 1984.
in + part of day
We also use the preposition “in” before a part of the day.
Common parts of the day:
Example sentences with a preposition of time:
We had a meeting in the afternoon.
I’ll wash the car in the morning.
on + day of the week
We use the preposition “on” before a day of the week.
The 7 days of the week in English are:
Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday and Sunday.
Important – the first letter is a CAPITAL letter.
If the event is a unique (one-time) event, the day of the week is singular.
I have a meeting with my manager on Friday. (only next Friday)
The bank is closed on Monday. (only next Monday)
If the event is a regular event, the day of the week is plural:
I have a meeting with my manager on Fridays. (every Friday)
The bank is closed on Mondays. (every Monday)
on + date
We also use the preposition “on” before a specific date.
I received the letter on March 21st.
My exam is on February 12th.
She was born on the 30th April.
on + special day
We also use the preposition “on” before a special day or day of a festival.
I had a party on my birthday.
I visited my grandparents on Christmas Day.
What are you doing on New Years Day?
at + clock time
We use the preposition “at” to define a clock time.
Let’s meet at 3 o’clock.
The train arrives at 2:20 pm.
We have a meeting at 4 pm.
at + festival / special time of year
We use at before a general festival or time of year.
I saw my sister at Christmas.
I’m going to New York at Easter.
But if we refer to a single specific day during a festival, we use “on”:
I went to Church on Christmas Day.
I ate lots of chocolate on Easter Sunday.
at the beginning of
At the beginning of the meeting, we discussed recruitment.
at the end of
At the end of the evening, we went out for a drink.
at the weekend
He is going to play football at the weekend.
at night or in the night?
“at night” refers to any night in general:
I enjoy walking in Paris at night.
“in the night” refers to a short specific moment during the night.
I woke up in the night.
She heard a strange noise in the night.